Cervical cancer is most common gynaecological cancer. It’s a type of cancer that occur in cells of cervix- lower part of uterus that connects to vagina. Although cervical cancer starts from cells with precancerous changes and only a few will develop cancer so treating pre cancer and early Cancer will prevent almost all cervical cancer.
Why Is Cervical Cancer Screening Needed?
Cervical cancer is most common gynecological cancer. There is a lot you can do decrease the risk of cancer. The goal of screening test to diagnose cervical cancer in early stages and in preventing it.
What Causes Cervical Cancer And What Are All Its Risk Factors?
Cervical cancer is caused by human papilloma virus mainly 16 & 18. HPV spreads through sexual contact.
Risk Factors includes
1.Early age of Sexual intercourse – 21yrs or older.
2.Multiple Sexual partners.
3.History of sexually transmitted injections (genital herpes, chlamydia
4.Oral contraceptive use.
5.Low Socioeconomic Status.
6.Immunosupression (like in HIV)
How To Prevent Cervical Cancer?
1) Cervarix- for girls
2) gerdaril – both boys & girls of 16-26 years (0,2 & 6 month)
What Screening method are recommended for cervical cancer?
Regular screening is the most effective way to prevent cervical cancer. Cervical cancer screening includes cytology and HPV testing alone or in combination. Conventional cytology i.e pap smear (sample affixed to slide at time of testing) & liquid based cytology (LBC) a newer method for collecting, transporting and preparing cell collected by pap test in liquid media.
No screening recommended below 25 years
For 25 - 29 years – HPV test every 5 years recommended or cotesting every 5 years
30 – 65 years - cotesting every 5 years preferred cytology alone every 3 years
No screening is recommended after 65 years if prior tests are normal
How To Detect Cervical Cancer?
Symptoms of cervical cancer includes Bleeding in between periods, postcoital bleeding, Vaginal discharge with foul odour, Frequent painful urination and Loss of weight & appetite .. So if not diagnosed & treated in time, cervical cancer tends to spread to other parts of body
It’s our hands to prevent & fight cervical cancer & encourage awareness programs, in certain cases it can also affect fertility & pregnancy. So Here in Mannat Fertility Clinic we have started cervical cancer screening programme every Wednesday 2 to 4 pm . As